“By 2025, 1.8 billion people are expected to be living in countries or regions with absolute water scarcity”


To manage drought better, human influences on drought must be better understood. Current frameworks for drought monitoring and water accounting focus on the natural boundary conditions and therefore offer little help in distilling human influences on drought. This project combines insights from socio-hydrology and water management to produce an entirely new approach, incorporating the study of water-related human dimensions (D1), socio-hydrological dynamics (D2), and the structuring of dialogues (D3) among actors. The project will develop and test the integrated, participatory 3D Drought Diagnosis (3DDD) toolbox.

Latest from the Blog


“Drought diagnosis: what the medical sciences can teach us” Have you seen our latest paper? Just published in Earth’s Future – a journal with a high impact factor of 7.495 – in their own words: “Earth’s Future is a transdisciplinary, Gold Open Access journal examining the state of the planet and its inhabitants, sustainable and…

New 3DDD Paper!

Droughts in monitoring systems may be more circumstantial than they appear All celebrative pies have been cooked and eaten. The PhD-allowance-budget-friendly champagne, popped. The very first published paper of my PhD – and its various media declinations – overly Tweeted, LinkedIned, ResearchGated. What was missing was this blogpost. In our paper, our main message is…

Finally, fieldwork is possible!

Visit to Ceará, Northeast Brazil – November-December 2021 Eventually, after waiting a long time, towards the end of last year we received permission to visit Ceará. COVID-19 levels were considered to have declined sufficiently, vaccination rates were high enough, and mandatory precautions were established enabling our visit. Despite working closely together over the last year…

The latest publications from the 3DDD project.

Previous Drought Monitor map
Latest Drought Monitor map

Population of Ceará:

8.84 million

Ceará crop losses at the peak of the 2012-2018 drought (compared to 2011):


Ceará municipalities that declared a drought emergency at the peak of the 2012-2018 drought:

175 out of 184

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david.walker (at) wur.nl