“By 2025, 1.8 billion people are expected to be living in countries or regions with absolute water scarcity”


To manage drought better, human influences on drought must be better understood. Current frameworks for drought monitoring and water accounting focus on the natural boundary conditions and therefore offer little help in distilling human influences on drought. This project combines insights from socio-hydrology and water management to produce an entirely new approach, incorporating the study of water-related human dimensions (D1), socio-hydrological dynamics (D2), and the structuring of dialogues (D3) among actors. The project will develop and test the integrated, participatory 3D Drought Diagnosis (3DDD) toolbox.

Latest from the Blog

Previous Drought Monitor map
Latest Drought Monitor map

Population of Ceará:

8.84 million

Ceará crop losses at the peak of the 2012-2018 drought (compared to 2011):


Ceará municipalities that declared a drought emergency at the peak of the 2012-2018 drought:

175 out of 184

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david.walker (at) wur.nl